Introduction – The root of the word

How does it work?

The Arabic language is an extraordinary surprise to beginners because of its structure, phrase construction and the root of the words.

Vowels and consonants play a fundamental role in the meaning of words, that we couldn’t expect.

The words are based on what we will call the scheme of the word, i.e. the consonants. The vowels are inserted between the consonant scheme, making the sense of the word.

Let’s see an example, it will help us to clarify!

The first verb we study is the verb kataba. It means to write.  It is based on its consonant scheme k-t-b.

With k-t-b we imagine the concept of “writing”. How we will use the vowels, it will be the way to shape the meaning.

To write –  Kataba – كتب

Book – kitāb – كتاب

Secretary, writer – kātib – كاتب

Library – maktaba – مكتبة

 Office – maktab –  مكتب

writing – kitāba – كتابة

 Writers – kuttāb –  كتّاب

Example 1.

كتب الكاتب في الكتاب، جالسا في مكتبه، قريبا من ألمكتبة ألوطنية، حيث كتب الكتاب الكثير

من الكتب

Kataba al-kātib fi (a)l-kitābi, jalasan fī maktabihi, qarīban min al-maktaba(ti) al-waTaniyya(ti) Haythu kataba al-kuttāb kathīr min al-katabi

Translation:

The writer has written in the  book, sitting in his office, nearby the National library, where the writers had written a lot of books.

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